Population distribution

Place of residence and age-sex distribution

As at 31 December 2021, there are 1,331,824 people living in Estonia. This is 37,369 persons more than in the 2011 census, meaning that the population has increased by nearly 3% in ten years. The shares of men and women in the population are more balanced. In the 2011 census, men represented 46.4% of the population, whereas now their share is 47.6%.

The population of Estonia has grown but it has also aged. The distribution by age group reveals that the number of children aged 0–14 has slightly increased since the 2011 census. But the number of residents in retirement age has increased even more, while the working-age population continues to decrease.

The figure shows the changes in the size of these three age groups since the 1959 census.